Within the Dutch Generation R study the relation between employment status, type of unemployment and number of weekly working hours with a wide range of pregnancy outcomes was explored. Information on employment characteristics and pregnancy outcomes was available for 6111 pregnant women. No indications were found that paid employment during pregnancy benefits or endangers the health of mother and child. Within the subgroups of unemployed and employed women we observed, however, that women receiving disability benefit, students and women with long working hours during pregnancy were at risk for some adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Employment status and the risk of pregnancy complications. The Generation R Study
Pauline Jansen*, Henning Tiemeier, Frank Verhulst, Alex Burdorf, Vincent Jaddoe, Albert Hofman, Henriette Moll, Bero Verburg, Eric Steegers, Johan Mackenbach, Hein Raat
Occup Environ Med doi:10.1136/oem.2009.046300 Read the rest of this entry »
Filed under: Health, Physical load, Pregnancy, Adverse effects, Pregnancy, Work hours
Permanent injuries to the vestibular end organs may occur in diving due to decompression illness (DCI) or barotraumas. A cohort of 67 men aged 28 ± 5 years (mean ± SD) were followed for 6 years after completing a basic course for working divers. At follow-up, none of the divers had experienced inner ear barotraumas or inner ear DCI. Two cases of untreated probable DCI were diagnosed retrospectively in 27 232 dives. Middle ear barotrauma was reported by 36%. Transient dizziness during or shortly after a dive was reported by 63 and 15%, respectively. This study found no evidence of long-term vestibular effects.
Vestibular effects of diving — a 6-year prospective study
Goplen, F. K., Gronning, M., Aasen, T., Nordahl, S. H. G.
Occupational Medicine 2010 60(1):43-48; doi:10.1093/occmed/kqp148 Read the rest of this entry »
Filed under: Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Physical load, Diving, Ear
Always wanted to know what Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is?
Watch this short film by WorkSafe BC
or this simple, but clear one
Filed under: Musculoskeletal problems, Occupational injury, Physical load, Vibration, Carpal tunnel syndrome
Emergency responders frequently incur injuries while providing medical, fire, and law enforcement services. From a study in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System – Occupational Supplement (NEISS-Work) for injuries treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments in 2000-2001, it turned out that sprains and strains were the leading injury (33-41%) among EMS, firefighter, and police occupations. Police officers and career firefighters had the highest injury rates (8.5 and 7.4 injuries per 100 full-time equivalent workers, respectively). The researchers conclude that The physical demands of emergency response are a leading cause of injuries.
Occupational injuries among emergency responders
Audrey A. Reichard, MPH, OTR, Larry L. Jackson, PhD
American Journal of Industrial Medicine, published Online: 5 Nov 2009
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Filed under: Musculoskeletal problems, Occupational injury, Physical load, Occupational injuries
To investigate changes of physical performance during long working hours and extended workweeks among construction workers, 19 construction workers with 12-h workdays and extended workweeks participated. Heart Rate (HR) during each of the two separate workdays corresponded to a relative workload of 25%. Sub-maximal HR was lower, reaction time faster and handgrip strength higher in the end of each test day. No trends of decreased physical performance were found after a workday or a work period.
Changes in physical performance among construction workers during extended workweeks with 12-hour workdays
Anne Faber , Jesper Strøyer, Nis Hjortskov and Bente Schibye
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, online 27 October 2009 Read the rest of this entry »
Filed under: Job well being, Physical load, Construction, Work load
Work-related carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a leading cause of lengthy disability. To characterize associations between utilization of CTS surgery and duration of lost work 8224 workers’ compensation claims filed during 1990-1994 were studied. The findings suggest disability can be minimized by establishing the CTS diagnosis as early as possible and, if surgery is appropriate, conducting surgery without substantial delay and maximizing post-operative efforts to facilitate return to work.
Work-related carpal tunnel syndrome in Washington State workers’ compensation: Utilization of surgery and the duration of lost work
William E. Daniell, MD, MPH, Deborah Fulton-Kehoe, MPH, PhD , Gary M. Franklin, MD, MPH Am. J. Ind. Med. 2009
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Filed under: Compensation, Musculoskeletal problems, Physical load, Sickness absence, CTS, Return to Work, Surgery
Playing volleyball and basketball has a positive association with the onset or worsening of jumper’s knee. Other risk factors are training and playing hours of at least 12 hours per week and/or in combination with weight training of at least 5 hours per week, and/or with playing or training on a hard surface. We did not find a specific occupational risk factor.
Risk factors for developing jumper’s knee in sport and occupation: a review
Ivo JH Tiemessen, P Paul FM Kuijer*, Carel TJ Hulshof and Monique HW Frings-Dresen BMC Research Notes 2009, 2:127 doi:10.1186/1756-0500-2-127 Read the rest of this entry »
Filed under: Musculoskeletal problems, Physical load
The primary aim of this follow-up study was to evaluate the association between the use of ergonomic measures and musculoskeletal complaints among construction workers during an informational campaign on sector level. The researchers conclude that despite a large informational campaign, regular use of ergonomic measures remained low in a 4.5 year period. Regular use of the majority of ergonomic measures was associated, although not statistically significantly, with a lower likelihood of lower back or shoulder complaints.
The use of ergonomic measures and musculoskeletal complaints among carpenters and pavers in a 4.5-year follow-up study
Van der Molen HF, Sluiter JK, Frings-Dresen MH. Ergonomics. 2009 Aug;52(8):954-63 Read the rest of this entry »
Filed under: Musculoskeletal problems, Physical load, Carpenters, Ergonomy, MSD, NCvB