Ramazzini; Blog on work and health by Annet Lenderink


Also beautiful music can cause pain…

Playing related musculoskeletal disorders can cause big problems for professional musicians: 

Musculoskeletal pain is common in elite professional musicians. In this study the researchers tried to assess the prevalence and impact of this pain in relation to playing conditions, mental health and performance anxiety. They found that a major personal risk factor is somatizing tendency, but performance anxiety has less impact. Risks differ substantially by instrument played, offering pointers towards prevention. Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Musculoskeletal problems, Physical load, Psychosocial exposure, ,

Elevated suicide risk among veterinary surgeons

An accumulating body of research demonstrates that risk of suicide varies between occupational groups. There is preliminary evidence to suggest that veterinary surgeons are a group at risk. A systematic review of studies of rates and methods of suicide in the veterinary profession shows that there appears to be an elevated risk of suicide for veterinary surgeons in several countries.

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Filed under: Job well being, Psychosocial disorders, Psychosocial exposure, Stress, Well-being, , ,

Working night shifts may be bad for the heart

This study in Austria among 30 healthy physicians was performed to evaluate the effects of a 24 h (h) physicians on-call duty (OCD) (‘night shift’) on 24 h electrocardiogram (ECG), heart rate variability, blood pressure (BP), and various biochemical serum and urine ‘stress markers’ compared with a ‘regular’ day at work. Twenty-four hours ECG showed a higher rate of ventricular premature beats (VPB) during early morning hours.  During OCD, BP monitoring revealed a greater diastolic BP throughout 24 h as well as during night-time and a higher rate of systolic BP during sleep time. Tumour necrosis factor alpha concentrations increased significantly during night shift and urinary noradrenaline excretion was greater during OCD when compared with control day. The researchers conclude that there is an association of OCD with an increased risk profile for cardiovascular disease.

Arrhythmias and increased neuro-endocrine stress response during physicians’ night shifts: a randomized cross-over trial
Markus Rauchenzauner, Florian Ernst, Florian Hintringer, Hanno Ulmer, Christoph F. Ebenbichler, Marie-Therese Kasseroler and Michael Joannidis
European Heart Journal 2009 30(21):2606-2613; doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehp268 online publish-ahead-of-print 14 July 2009

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Filed under: cardio vascular, Occupational medicine, Psychosocial exposure, , ,

So tired!

A high prevalence  of fatigue and need for recovery (NFR) was found in highly educated women (35.2%). In particular those aged 50–64 years (40.3%). The situational, working conditions and health factors in the researchers’ model did not explain the gender differences among highly educated employees. Time pressure in work largely explained the differences in NFR among women at different education levels (crude OR 1.44; CI = 1.4–1.5, adjusted OR 1.14; CI = 1.0–1.3). In the age comparison, lower health ratings, more adverse working conditions, and working as a teacher explained older highly educated women’s high prevalence of high NFR (crude OR 1.32; CI = 1.2–1.5, adjusted OR 0.94; CI = 0.8–1.2).

Work-related fatigue: the speciffic case of highly educated women in the Netherlands
Petra Verdonk · Wendela E. Hooftman · Marc J. P. M. van Veldhoven · Louise R. M. Boelens · Lando L. J. Koppes
Int Arch Occup Environ Health, 2009
DOI 10.1007/s00420-009-0481-y123 Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Psychosocial disorders, Psychosocial exposure, Stress, Well-being, , ,

Work-related mental ill health in the UK

To provide a measure of the incidence of work-related mental ill-health reported by specialist psychiatrists and occupational physicians to the Health and Occupation Reporting Network (THOR) during the period 2002–05. Cases were analysed by age, gender, industry and precipitating event.

Estimated annual average incidence rates (95% confidence intervals) of work-related mental ill-health diagnoses reported to THOR between 2002 and 2005 by psychiatrists were 89 (78, 101) per million and by occupational physicians were 1589 (1443, 1735) per million.

Work-related anxiety and depression and stress continue to constitute a significant proportion of all work-related mental ill-health diagnoses in the UK, with workload and interpersonal relationships reported as significant risk factors.

Work-related mental ill-health and ‘stress’ in the UK (2002–05)
Melanie Carder, Susan Turner, Roseanne McNamee and Raymond Agius
Occupational Medicine 2009 59(8):539-544; doi:10.1093/occmed/kqp117

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Filed under: Psychosocial disorders, Psychosocial exposure, Stress, ,

Video on stress at work

stress at workHere you can find a video in several languages dealing with European measures to tackle stress at work

Filed under: Job well being, Psychosocial disorders, Psychosocial exposure, Stress, ,

Every figure you want to know about stress at work in Europe

Just recently published report on stress at work in Europe, with data on a wide range of countries and subjects. European Risk Observatory Report Nr.9, publication from the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work in Bilbao, Spain.

OSH in figures: Stress at work- facts and figures

“Stress at work is common throughout Europe. In surveys carried out every five years by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, respondents name it as the second most common threat posed by the working environment. Only musculoskeletal problems are seen as more likely to damage workers’ health. According to the fourth European Survey of Working Conditions, carried out in 2005 in all Member States, stress was experienced by an average 22% of working Europeans. In 2002, the annual economic cost of work-related stress in the EU15 was estimated at EUR 20,000 million.”

Filed under: Job well being, Psychosocial disorders, Psychosocial exposure, Stress, ,

Work and suicide, not only France Telecom

In the past weeks alarming news items came up about the high suicide rate among France Telecom workers. The Unions blamed reorganisations and management methods, but the company claims the number of suicides is not higher than might be expected. The WHO figures mentioned in several online articles say the same: France Telecom employs just over 100,000 people in France. The French suicide rate is 26.4 a year for every 100,000 men and 9.2 per for every 100,000 women. On those figures, the company points out, the number of suicides in France Telecom since February 2008 is below the national average.

sources: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8252547.stm and http://www.nzherald.co.nz/technology/news/article.cfm?

Nevertheless countries worry about work-related suicide, especially in connection with the economic crisis. US Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries,August 2009: “Workplace suicides rose from 196 cases in 2007 to 251 cases in 2008, an increase of 28 percent and the highest number ever reported by the fatality census.” 

On the website Hazards Magizine, there is a special page gathering links and news about work and suicide http://www.hazards.org/suicide/

In Japan besides work-related suicide (karojisatsu) there is death by overwork (karoshi). Also here they see record numbers:

Japan: Record numbers worked to death
Record numbers of Japanese workers were worked to death last year, according to official compensation figures. A total of 269 cases qualified for state compensation last year, one up on the preceding year and a record high for the third straight year.
According to the Health, Labour and Welfare Ministry, among the cases approved for state compensation were 66 work-related suicides (karojisatsu) or attempted suicides. This was down 15 on the previous year, but was still the second highest ever annual toll, according to the ministry. Meanwhile, the deaths of 158 workers from brain or heart disease (karoshi) were recognised as caused by overwork in the reporting year, up 16.  Among the 66 suicides or attempted suicides, 24 were in their 50s, 15 in their 40s and 11 in their 30s.

Filed under: Job well being, Psychosocial exposure, ,

Many young physicians feel chronically stressed

To investigate and compare the relative impact of workplace-related factors and personal characteristics on chronic psychosocial stress experience in young physicians a prospective study was undertaken. A cohort of Swiss medical school graduates was followed up. In their 4th and 8th year after graduation, 443 physicians assessed their workplace conditions, the experienced effort–reward imbalance, the received professional and emotional support as well as their personal characteristics. Chronic stress was measured 7 years after graduation (TICS–SCSS).

The mean in chronic stress in our study sample is significantly higher compared to an age-matched population representative sample. In the prediction of chronic stress, the workplace-related factor effort–reward imbalance as well as the personal characteristic overcommitment turned out to be the most important risk factors. Stress protective are high satisfaction with career support, sense of coherence and occupational self-efficacy.

Chronic stress experience in young physicians: impact of person- and workplace-related factors
by: Barbara Buddeberg-Fischer, Martina Stamm, Claus Buddeberg, Richard Klaghofer International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Online September 25, 2009  Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Psychosocial disorders, Psychosocial exposure, Stress, ,

Judges and prosecuters experience a lot of stress in Taiwan

To examine the associations between occupational stress and burnout among among 211 judicial officers, comprising 87 judges and 98 procurators, in Taiwan, the job content questionnaire (JCQ), Siegrist’s effort–reward imbalance questionnaire (ERI), and the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) were administered.

High psychological demand, effort, and overcommitment were significantly associated with both personal and work-related burnout. Low workplace social support was significantly associated with client-related burnout.

In general, occupational stress was associated with personal and work-related burnout for both judges and prosecutors.

Feng-Jen Tsai, Chang-Chuan Chan
Occupational stress and burnout of judges and procurators   International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health Read the rest of this entry »

Filed under: Job well being, Psychosocial disorders, Stress,


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Annet Lenderink

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